Get to know Thailand

Geography

Thailand has a land area of 513,115 sq.km. (approx. 127,008 acres) bordered by Malaysia (South), Myanmar (West & North), Laos (North & East) and Cambodia (Southeast). The country's east coast borders the Gulf of Thailand and the west coast abuts the Andaman Sea. The country is divided geographically into four main zones - the fertile central plains, dominated by the Chao Phraya River; the 300-metre-high northeast plateau, the kingdom's most barren region; the mountainous North; and the tropical southern peninsula.

Capital

Bangkok

Climate

The temperature varies from 38°C to 19°C with the annual average at about 29°C. The humidity is from 66% to 82.8%.

Season

There are three seasons in Northern, Northeastern and Central Thailand - hot (March to May), rainy (June to October), and cool (November to February). And there are two seasons in the South - rainy (April to November) and hot (December to March).

In the North and the Northeast in winter, the temperatures are much lower during night time, especially on the mountains, with temperatures lower than 10°C.

Local Time

GMT + 7 hours.

Language

Thai is the national language. English is widely understood in Bangkok and big cities.

Religion

Buddhists 95%, Muslims 4%, Christians 0.5%, and others 0.5%

Telephone Country Code

Thai telephone country code is +66.

Business Hours

  • Government offices: open from Monday to Friday, from 08.30 to 16.30 hours.
  • Banking: most banks are open from Monday to Friday, from 08.30 to 15.30 hours. Some bank branches, particularly in shopping malls, are open on weekends. Currency exchange booths in Bangkok and other tourist destinations are open on weekends and until evenings.
  • Clinics or Doctor’s surgeries: major hospitals in Bangkok have 24 hour emergency rooms, but typical doctor appointments should be scheduled between 08.00 am and 18.00 hours, Monday – Friday. Some larger hospitals offer off-hours and weekend services. If you have a medical emergency, you should go to the accident and emergency department of the nearest hospital. Emergency services can be reached by dialing 191 on any phone and are generally available 24 hours.
  • Museums and Galleries: Thai museums and galleries are open typically open from 09.00 to 16.00 hours daily. Time may vary and some museums and galleries may be closed one day a week and/or on public holidays.
  • Shops and Department Stores: most shops are open seven days a week from 10.00 to 22.00 hours. The convenience stores may be open earlier and remain open until after midnight. Thai markets are open various hours depending on products they sell, with markets selling fresh food products from 06.00 hours until around 20.00 hours, while night markets are typically open around sunset and remain open until 22.00 hours or occasionally midnight. Convenience stores e.g. 7-11, Family Mart etc., located throughout Thailand are generally open 24 hours.
  • Post offices: Thailand postal service is reliable and efficient. Thailand post offices are open from Monday to Friday from 8.00 to 16.30 hours and Saturday from 9.00 hours until noon. All Thai post offices are closed on public holidays, though most major hotels can arrange to mail letters and parcels on your behalf.
  • Restaurants: restaurant operating hours are highly variable and, street side restaurants frequently stay well past midnight. Restaurants have typically later closing hours in Bangkok and tourist destinations than in rural provinces.
  • BTS Skytrain: BTS skytrain runs daily between 6.00 hours to midnight with frequent service throughout the day, increased during rush hours.
  • MRT Subway: MRT underground operates from 6.00 hours to midnight daily. The frequency is less than 5 minutes during the peak hours 6.00 – 9.00 am and 4.30 – 7.30 pm.
  • Most business offices are open from 08.30 to 18.00 hours, from Monday to Friday. Some work on Saturdays.

Money and Financial Matters

  • Thai currency is called the “Baht” or “Thai Baht”. The currency code for Baht is THB. There are several currency exchanges at Bangkok’s international airport, and around most major tourist areas.
  • The currency exchange rate is 1 US Dollar, equal about 35 Thai Baht (THB) (as of May, 2017)
  • You can check out http://finance.yahoo.com/currency-converter to get more information about Exchange Rate.
  • There are 5 kinds of banknotes that are 1,000 Baht, 500 Baht, 100 Baht, 50 Baht and 20 Baht. Also, there are 6 kinds of coins that are 10 Baht, 5 Baht, 2 Baht, 1 Baht, 50 Satang and 25 Satang (1 Baht = 100 Satang).
  • It may be best to not carry too much money into Thailand, or even carry on while traveling around within Thailand, because you can get Thai Baht from ATM machines using your major credit card, even in most small towns around Thailand. The exchange rate is automatic and roughly as good as you’ll find. Withdrawal fees are usually around 150 Baht per transaction, which is roughly $ 5 US, and you can withdraw up to 20,000 Baht from some ATMs, and more from others (150 Baht is 1% of 15,000 Baht).
  • Major credit cards — Visa, Mastercard and American Express — are accepted at most hotels and restaurants. Department stores and other large shops will also generally accept all cards. However, smaller merchants may not accept any cards, or add on the credit card processing fee (3% for Visa and Mastercard, 5% for American Express) to the price of items purchased.

Electricity

The electric current in Thailand is 220 Volts (50 cycles/sec.) throughout the country. Better hotels will make available 110 Volt transformers. Power sockets in Thailand are both flat prongs and round prongs. Below you can find pictures of these power sockets and corresponding plugs.

Water

Though tap water in Bangkok is technically safe to drink, the plumbing in certain buildings may make water inadvisable to ingest. Furthermore, travelers’ unaccustomed to otherwise harmless bacteria in the water could get upset stomachs from drinking ice that is technically ‘safe’ to consume. Bottled water in Thailand is recommended as it is cheap and ubiquitous and most ice is safe to consume as it is produced with potable water, with cube ice generally safer than crushed ice.

Getting to Thailand

Most people travel in Thailand by plane. Bangkok is a major air hub, with almost every international carrier landing at Bangkok’s international airport.

Suvarnabhumi International Airport around 50 million passengers travel through Suvarnabhumi Airport every year, and as well as being the international arrival point for Thailand, it is also a transfer airport for South East Asia. Bangkok international airport is located 16 miles outside town, but it is easy to get to Bangkok city center, either via the airport link or taxi – although it is warned that traffic jams are likely during peak hours. Transit passengers will need to proceed to the airline checkpoints located on the same floor of Bangkok Airport. If you have many hours to spare until your next flight and would like to catch up on sleep, proceed to the fourth floor (do not pass through Immigration) and check yourself into the Louis Tavern Dayrooms located in Concourse G. Here, you will be charged the rate of 2,200-2,400 baht every four hours (contact call centre at +66 2132 1888).All departures at Bangkok Airport are handled at the airline check-in counters located on the fourth floor of the Departure Terminal. Domestic check-ins are from Rows B to C. Row A is dedicated to Thai Airways’ Royal First Class and Royal Silk passengers. For international departures, proceed to Rows D to W. Always be prepared to arrive at least two-and-a-half hours before international departures or 80 minutes before domestic departures.

Don Mueang International Airport were reopened in October 2012 to take the pressure off Suvarnabhumi International Airport. It is now the main hub for budget and domestic flights, including Air Asia and Nok Air. Although this 90-year-old airport might not be pretty, with recent renovations and less air traffic, travelling via Don Muang is usually trouble-free.

Cost of Living

The average price for a cup of coffee is around 25-50 Baht and is 25 Baht or above for a sandwich. The average price for a meal in town is around 50-100 Baht. The average price for a bus ride in Chiang Mai is around 20-80 Baht.

Restrictions on Smoking and Drinking

Smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages are prohibited for those under 20 years of age. Smoking is banned on public transportation and in some public areas.

Manners / Customs

Show respect to religious images and do not climb or sit on them. On public transportation such as subway trains or bus, eating and drinking are considered bad manners. There are some traditional customs such as taking off shoes before entering a private home.

Tourist Information

The website: www.ICCRFThailand.com is a portal site dedicated to all participants of the 1st ASEAN Coffee Industry Development Conference 2018. The website provides tourist information as well as news of local events. For further details, please visit the website: www.tourismchiangmai.org.